Engraulis encrasicolus

Anchovy (lat. Engraulis encrasicolus) or European anchovy is one of the most important fish in the food chain of our sea. In Croatia it is also called the "brgljun" or "brfun". The greenish blue is the color from below and the belly is lighter. By color and appearance, it looks like sardine but is much slimmer and somewhat shorter with pointy head and bigger eyes. It lives in flocks, up to 400m deep and grows to 20 cm in length. It feeds on plankton, and is food to all the major predators. It's lifetime is 3 years. They are caught by swirling nets, like sardines. It is very delicious fish. It can be prepared in many different ways, but in Croatia is appreciated as the best salting fish.

Latin name

Engraulis encrasicolus

Max. length

up to 20 cm


Up to 3 yrs


Omega-3 fatty acids


Due to the high content of omega-3 fatty acids, like other blue fish, it is recommended for diets, especially for children.